Papers

Engagement Drives Achievement (Kostouros, 2018)

Students won’t learn if they are not engaged in their education. Teachers know it. A 2013 study found that 69 percent of teachers consider low student motivation to be a big problem in their classroom. Even though engagement is important for learning, several national polls indicate that many students are disengaged from school and the problem worsens as they get older.

What can be done to rectify this problem? In his paper, Engagement Drives Achievement, John Kostouros challenges school boards and superintendents to rethink their strategies for raising student engagement, and encourages them to ask students how they feel about their learning and what they think can be done to improve it. The paper also provides examples of strategies and tools that organizations in Minnesota have employed to increase student engagement.

How the State Can Deal With the School Board's Inertia (Kolderie, 2018)

In a time of change, from which public education is not exempt, the design of the school district is increasingly a problem. In the centralized public corporation created a century ago the deck is stacked against innovation. Proposals to 'do different' come usually from a small group dissatisfied with the status quo: a group of parents, a group of teachers, a faction on the board, sometimes the superintendent. Doing what they ask is disruptive. Boards find it easier to keep things the same -- across the schools, and down through time. So the response to those advocating change, certainly those advocating radical change, is likely to be 'No'.

Efforts continue to persuade boards to change the approach to learning, to try a new form of school organization, to delegate greater authority to teachers. There is enabling legislation and there are pilot projects. People work hard, and are hopeful. But they are asking boards of education to do what boards find not in their practical interest; asking them to try things bound to create controversy or cause conflict in the organization. Always, there are places where new things do get tried; media reports give the impression of a changing system. But it is slow; often does not spread and does not last.

As this paper explains, the district sector needs a redesign that permits change to start small, with those truly committed to the different and then to spread gradually, voluntarily. It does not work to impose change on those not ready. The Legislature needs to expand districts' capacity to pick up the innovation now appearing in the charter sector and elsewhere.

This is counterintuitive . . . the pressure to 'scale up' improvements conventionally calling for large-scale implementation . . . but the smaller the scale of innovation the more radical it can be, and the more gradual and voluntary it is the more rapid the diffusion will be.

Minnesota should be doing what is conspicuously now not-done in education policy -- which is to give teachers the freedom to adapt schooling in ways that maximize the motivation and engagement of the individual student. Moving teaching to that model . . . letting teachers control 'professional issues' . . . could speed the needed change in schooling, could ensure the accountability it is impossible to get in the industrial model, and would make teaching the kind of job and career that would attract and retain top quality people.

Does The American Economic System Need Redesign? (McClure 2017)

Dr. McClure will present an analysis of the economy using standard Large System Architecture theory and methods.

Redesign the Economy or Lose the Republic: Inequality, Incumbency and The War on Liberty (McClure 2016)

How the language of liberty and economics is being used to undermine liberty, and what might be done about it.

Architecting Large Social Systems (McClure 2016)

Presents a theory of why organizations do what they do, then presents methods based on this theory for designing and executing strategies to alter their behavior if they are not performing as society wishes.

The Pope, Poverty and Adam Smith (McClure 2015)

Is government a maker or a taker... what would Adam say?

System Reform: Getting More For Less  (McClure, 2011)

Transcript of remarks to the House bi-Partisan Redesign Caucus as given by Walter McClure.

Unconventional Wisdom: Rethinking National Health Insurance SUMMARY  (McClure 1992)

A SUMMARY of crucial points too seldom heard in the national health insurance debate.

Competition and the Pursuit of Quality: A Conversation with Walter McClure  (John Iglehart 1988

McClure describes his odyssey at the local level in striving to persuade interests there that unless they become active agents for constructive health care reform, government will eventually assume command of the system.

Health Affairs Data Watch  (McClure, Shaller 1984)

A study on data variations in Medicare expenditures per beneficiary.

Structure and Incentive Problems in Economic Regulation of Medical Care  (McClure, 1981)

This paper analyzes some of the limitations of strong, direct economic regulation of medical care.

The Medical Care System Under National Health Insurance: Four Models  (McClure, 1975)

A critical evaluation of four national health insurance models: major risk insurance; alternative delivery systems under universal coverage; the public utility allocation model (alias the British system); and the public utility hospital model.